CT技术术语及常见病名的中英文对照

CT技术   2009-09-01

A
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abscess of kidney 肾脓肿 
acoustic 听神经瘤 
acute pancreatitis 急性胰腺炎 
analog 模拟 
analog/digital converter 模拟/数字转化器 
angiography of spinal cord 脊髓血管造影 
angioma 血管瘤 
angiomyolipoma 血管平滑肌脂肪瘤 
anterior cerebral artery,ACA 大脑前动脉 
anterior communicating artery,AcoA 前交通动脉 
arachnoidcyst 蛛网膜囊肿 
arterior-venous malformation,AVM 动静脉畸形 
artifact 伪影 
astrocytoma 星形细胞瘤 
atelectasis 肺不张 
attenuation 衰减 
attenuation coefficient 衰减系数 
axial scan 轴位扫描 

B
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B basilar artery,BA 基底动脉 
Beam hardening artifact 射线硬化伪影 
biopsy gun 活检枪 
biopsy needle 活检针 
biphasic contrast enhancement 双期增强扫描 
bone mineral density,BMD 骨密度 
brain abscess 脑脓肿 
brain hemorrhage 脑出血 
brain trauma 脑外伤 
bronchiectsis 支气管扩张 
bronchogenic carcinoma 支气管肺癌 

C
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calcification of the pleura 胸膜钙化 
calculus of kidney 肾结石 
carcinoma of bladder 膀胱癌 
carcinoma of the cervix 宫颈癌 
carcinoma of kidney 肾癌 
carcinoma of prostate 前列腺癌 
carcinoma of ovary 卵巢癌 
cavity 空洞 
central bronchogenic carcinoma 中央型肺癌 
cerebral atrophy 脑萎缩 
cerebral contusion 脑搓伤 
cerebral infarction 脑梗塞 
cerebral ischemia 脑缺血 
cerebral cycticercosis 脑囊虫病 
cholesteatoma 胆脂瘤 
cholangiocarcinoma 胆管癌 
cholecystitis 胆囊炎 
chronic pancreatitis 慢性胰腺炎 
circle of willis 脑底动脉环 
cirrhosis 肝硬化 
collimator 准直器 
console 控制台 
contrast medium 对比剂 
contrast enhancement 对比增强 
contrast media bolus 造影剂团注 
contusion of kidney 肾挫伤 
contusion of spinal cord 脊髓挫伤 
coronal scan 冠状面扫描 
craniopharyngioma 颅咽管瘤 
CT angiographyCTA CT血管造影术 
CT arterial portography,CTAP CT动脉性门脉造影 
CT fluoroscopy CT透视 
CT guided needle biopsy CT导向穿刺活检 
CT guided fine needle aspiration biopsy CT导向细针抽吸活组织检查
CT guided stereotaxis CT导向立体定位 
CT intervention CT介入 
CT muelography,CTM CT脊髓造影 
CT value CT 
Cyst of Kinney 肾囊肿 

D
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delayed scan 延迟扫描 
density resolution 密度分辨率 
digital martrix 数字矩阵 
dynamic scanning 动态扫描 

E
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enhancement scan 增强扫描 
ependymoma 室管膜瘤 
epidural hematoma 硬膜外血肿 

F
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fatty liver 脂肪肝
field of view,FOV 视野 
FWHM 有效层厚

G
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gallbladder carcinoma 胆囊癌 
gallstone 胆石症 
golima 胶质瘤 
Graves’ disease 格氏眼病 

H
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hepatic cyst 肝囊肿 
hepatocellular 肝细胞癌 
high KV radiography 高千伏摄影 
high resolution CT,HRCT 高分辨率CT
high spatial-freqyency algorithm 高空间频率计算法重建 
hypaque 泛影钠 

I
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image post-processing 图象后处理 
image reconstruction 图象重建 
informatics in radiology,infoRAD 信息放射学 
interventional radiology 介入放射学 
iodipamide/biligrafin/cholografin 胆影葡胺 
iohexol 碘苯六醇(欧乃派克) 
iopromide 碘普罗胺 
isovist 伊索显 

L
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laser printer 激光打印机

M
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matrix 矩阵 
maximum intensity projection,MIP 最大强度投影 
medulloblastoma 髓母细胞瘤 
meningioma 黑色素瘤 
motion artifact 运动伪影 
multiformat camera 多幅相机 
multiplanar reformation,MPR 多平面重建 
multiple sclerosis 多发性肝硬化

N
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neurofibroma 神经纤维瘤 
noise 噪声 

O
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orbitomeatal line 听眶线 
overlap scan 重叠扫描 

P
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partial volume effect 部分容积效应 
peripheral space phenomenon 周围间隙现象 
picture achieve and communication system,PACS 图象存储和传输系统 
pitch 螺距 
pixel 像素 
plain scan 平扫 
pleural effusion 胸腔积液 
posterior cerebral artery,PCA 大脑后动脉 
preventive maintenace 日常维护程序 
protrusion of intervertebral disk 椎间盘突出 

Q
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quantitative computed tomography,QCT 定量CT

R
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region of interest 兴趣区
retinoblastoma 视网膜母细胞瘤 

S
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scout view 定位扫描 
slice increment 间距 
slice thickness 层厚 
spatial resolution 空间分辨率 
spinal srenosis 椎管狭窄 
spiral CT/helical CT 螺旋CT
subdural hematoma 硬膜下血肿 

T
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teleradiology 远程放射学 
temporal resolution 时间分辨率 
thin slice scan 薄层扫描 
three dimension computed tomography,3 DCT 三维CT
three-dimensional surface reconstrction,SSD 三维表面重建 
threshold 阈值 
tomography 体层摄影 
tuberculosis 肺结核 

U
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ultrafast CT,UFCT 超高速CT
ultravist 优维显 
urografin 泛影葡胺 

V
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vertebral artery,VA 椎动脉
virtual endoscopy,VE 仿真内镜
volume acquisition 容积采集 
volume scan 容积扫描 
voxel matrix 像素矩阵 

W
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window level 窗位 
window width 窗宽 
work station 工作站 

X
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Xeroradiography 干板照相 
X-ray tube X线球管 
Xenon,Xe 氙气

(参考来源:,影像园,作者:admin)
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